first reporter后为什么用permitted而不是to be permitted?


【问】

I was the first Western TV reporter ____ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild.(2016年高考全国卷1)

答案:permitted

问题:reporter前有the first修饰,为什么答案不是to be permitted?

【答】

的确,有first、last、only、next等修饰的名词,后面通常用不定式做定语。 

以下例句转载自《英语常见问题解答大词典》的the first to be held词条:

  1. He was the first man to fly across the Atlantic(to fly=who flew).(RBE)
    他是第一个飞越大西洋的人。
  2. He was the first to be there (to be there=who was there).
    他第一个到达到那里。
  3. They were the last guests to arrir (to arrive=who arrived). (CGEL)
    他们是最后到达的客人。
  4. He was one of the first to collect Picasso paintings.(L.CD))
    他是最早收集毕加索画的人之一,
  5. I arrived first. The next (one) to arrioe was James.(GPU)
    我是到达的第一个人。第二个到达的是鲁姆斯,
  6. Ameria Earhart, the first woman to mak a solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, wasborn in 1898.(TOEFL)
    阿美丽姬·埃尔哈特,第一个单独飞越大西洋的妇女,生于1898年。
  7. The great racing driver, Sir Malcolm Campbell, was the first man to drive at over 300 miles per hour. (New Conceprt English, Book 2, L. 72)
    著名的赛车手马尔科姆·康佩尔爵士是驱车时速超过300英里的第一个人。

但是在下面这些句子均出自外媒,都用的是分词而不是不定式做定语:

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