兼类词例析——以wrong为例


“一词多义”常常是和“一词多性”连在一起,比如wrong,兼有名词、动词、形容词、副词四种词性,分别举例如下:

  1. adj. 错误的
    He went to the wrong house. 他走错了房子。(柯林斯)
  2. adv. 错误地
    You’ve done it wrong. 你做错了。(柯林斯)
  3. n. 错误,错误行为
    Johnson didn’t seem to be able to tell the difference between right and wrong. 约翰逊似乎不能明辨是非。(柯林斯)
  4. v. 搞错,误解,误判:
    Both sides felt that they had been wronged.双方都感觉他们被搞错了。(朗文)

高考对此是这样设题的:[loginview]

But unfortunately, the parents are wronged because they’re normal in shape, or rather slim. (2013年高考湖北卷阅读理解C篇)

句意:但是不巧的是,这些父母都被搞错了,因为他们都体型正常,甚至是相当苗条。

wrong在句中用作动词,被动语态,are wronged意为“被搞错,被误解”。[/loginview]