词汇·语法

黔之驴:评析2024年高考新课标I卷语法填空

先说一点题外的话:当前网上流传着多个版本,不知道哪个是正版,其实高考试题是公共资源,教育部考试中心作为出题人,理应公布标准试题和答案,供公众阅读,好还是不好,自有公论,而不是把试题藏起来,让一些所谓权威机构发布模板化的、公式化的官样评析来统一口径。

言归正传,说一下新课标一卷的语法填空。

见不到真题,网上流传着不同的版本,文章有点差别,设题是一样的,这是其中之一。

Heatherwick Studio recently built a greenhouse at the edge of the National Trust’s Woolbeding Gardens. This beautiful structure, named Glasshouse, is at the centre of a new garden that shows how the Silk Road influences English gardens even in modern times.

The latest 56 (engineer) techniques are applied to create this protective 57 (function) structure that is also beautiful. The design features ten steel “sepals(萼片) ”made of glass and aluminium (铝) . These sepals open on warm days 58 (give) the inside plants sunshine and fresh air. In cold weather, the structure stays 59 (close) to protect the plants.

Further, the Silk Route Garden around the greenhouse 60 (walk) visitors through a journey influenced by the ancient Silk Road, by which silk as well as many plant species came to Britain for 61 first time. These plants included modern Western 62 (favourite) such as rosemary, lavender and fennel. The garden also contains a winding path that guides visitors through the twelve regions of the Silk Road. The path offers over 300 plant species for visitors to see, too.

The Glasshouse stands 63 a great achievement in contemporary design, to house the plants of the southwestern part of China at the end of a path retracing (追溯) the steps along the Silk Route 64 brought the plants from their native habitat in Asia to come to define much of the 65 (rich) of gardening in England.

参考答案及解析:

56. engineering

engineering techniques, 工程技术;形容词修饰名词。

57. functional

functional structure, 功能性结构;形容词修饰名词。

58. to give

to give the inside plants…, 为了给里面的植物阳光和通风;非谓语动词之不定式表示目的。

59. closed

stay closed, 保持关闭;stay为系动词,跟形容词closed,构成系表结构。

60. walks

walk visitors, 使游客走;walk既是不及物的“走”,也是及物的“使…走”,考察兼类动词的词意和时态。

61. the

the first time, 第一次;序数词前用the。

62. favorites

western favorites, 西方人的最爱。favorite兼有名词和形容词两个词性,作为名词是可数的。

63. as

as a crowning achievement, 作为最高成就;stand as…并非固定搭配,本题考介词的基本含义。

64. which/that

本题考察定语从句,先行词the Silk Route是“物”非“人”,用which或that指代均可。

65. richness

the richness and glory, 丰富与荣放。the后用名词,本题考察构词法。

总体印象:

一、设题比重失当

58、60、64考句法,分别考非谓语动词、谓语动词、定语从句,其他7题都考词法,其中63考介词,61考冠词,62、65考名词,56、57、59考形容词,10道题中7道题考词法(65题还涉及到构词),只有3题考句法,设题比重失当,致使其他的如名词性从句、状语从句以及一些常用句式等现实中很常用的高价值重量级的句法知识没有了设题的空间。

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