oppose的非谓语用法


【问】

  1. ____ (oppose) the plan, he came up with a new one.
  2. ____ (oppose) to the plan, he came up with a new one.
  3. ____ (oppose) to the plan makes him disliked by everyone.

答案:1. Opposing 2. Opposed 3. Being opposed

问题:这几道题分别是什么思路?

【答】

oppose有两个基本逻辑:1. “反对…”,用作oppose sth;2. “使某人反对…”,用作oppose sb to sth,由此生成sb be opposed to sth,即sb与oppose为被动关系。 

1句用第1种逻辑,oppose与the plan为主动关系,所以用现在分词opposing;

2句有to,所以是2个逻辑,he与oppose为被动关系,所以用过去分词opposed;

3句也有to,也是用第2种逻辑,但oppose结构是主语,要用动名词形式,所以答案是Being opposed,即“动名词的被动式”。