since不只是“自从”


【问】

Their friendship developed well ____ they met at the party.
A. after B. since

答案:A

问题:since是“自从”,似乎也符合句意,为什么不对?

【答】

since的完整的含义是“自从…到…”,因为这个“到…”,所以since通常搭配完成时,具体又分为两种情况:“到现在”搭配现在完成时,“到过去”搭配过去完成时或一般过去时。

例:

  1. I’ve earned my own living since I was seven. 我自从7岁就自己谋生。(柯林斯)
  2. It was the hottest October since records began. 那是有记录以来最热的十月。(剑桥)

after是“在……后”,没有“直到现在”之类的含义,仅表达“过去”,所以after they met搭配过去时developed。

本题若用since,应改为:Their friendship has developed well since they met at the party.